Collection of write-ups




Decline of Pakistan: Essays on federalism, ethnic-nationalism, minorities and human rights in Pakistan. View Details 

An action and thought in exile


Zulfiqar Shah (Sindhi ذوالفقار شاہ Hindiजुल्फिकार शाह) is civil rights activist, journalist and writer of Sindhi origin. He was forced by Pakistan Army to unlawfully leave the country and close down The Institute for Social Movements, Pakistan in May 2012. He resettled in Nepal where UNHCR approved him refugee status. In Kathmandu, he started freelancing with the newspapers and websites on the issues of Pakistan particularly concerning Sindh and Balochistan. He was insurrected in his house in Kathmandu and was given heavy metal poison by Pakistani intelligence agency ISI with local facilitation; however he was rescued by the local doctors. He was forced to leave Nepal, thus he left for Pakistan on December 2013. In Pakistan, he again was persecuted and threatened to be killed. He went India for medical treatment on February 11, 2014, where he was not only denied appropriate health treatment on behalf of Pakistan High Commission in Delhi, but also was harassed by the high commission officials. He, along his wife Fatima Shah, gave a protest sit-in for 285 days near Indian Parliament house against Pakistan High Commission and its facilitation by the Indian authorities. Read more on Wikipedia

Recent Writings

A chronology of persecution in Pakistan, Nepal and India

Notes from the Protest Camp in Delhi, India

An involuntary closed down institute

The Institute for Social Movements, Pakistan (ISM) was involuntary closed through the forced by the Pakistan's military establishment on May 29, 2012. Here is a brief about ISM. Click to read

Blog: Possible reasons behind Bilawal Bhutto’s Kashmir mantra

Why Pakistan Peoples’ Party (PPP) Chairperson Bilawal Bhutto has all of sudden has said that Kashmir is part of Pakistan and he will take it back? This is great shock not only for the Indians truly have perceived that PPP had a softer version on Kashmir. This was further proved when ex- President Asif Ali Zardari was very open minded on the India-Pakistan relations as well as concerning Kashmir. What has happened all of sudden that Bilawal Bhutto has giving such a statement? I think we have to see the probabilities from within the ongoing political scene in Pakistan.

Dynamics of Pakistani Establishment


Pakistan is unpredictable. The two decades long world engagement with Pakistan for the essential reforms in the state-field, society and economy has failed to give results. There is no full stop to the religious extremism as well as its export, anti-democratic moves and extreme centralization of the federal governance. 

Why Britain is responsible to the people of Sindh and Balochistan

Scottish people decide their political future according to their will. No doubt it is political civilization of UK due to which it agreed with the Parliament of Scotland for holding a referendum of the union versus secession. It is an important moment when UK also needs to consider its obligations for the political morality concerning its previous colonies. Read in Daily Afghanistan Times

2014: Candle light tribute to Sorihya Badshah

Undivided India's forgotten freedom war leader Sorihya Badshah and his martyred fellow fighters were paid candle light tribute in Delhi on the occasion of Freedom Martyrs Day in India. The event was organized by the refugee activists Zulfiqar Shah, which was also attended by some other Indian activists. Some activists from India and Sindhi refugees paid homage and tribute to the Pir Pagara Sorihya Badshah yesterday, on 30 January 2014. Soriah Badshah, who was a comrade of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Commander of Hur Force, waged war against British Raj in India during the SecondWorld War. Click to read in Merinews

2013: Sindhi-Hindu refugees protest outside UN in India


On the occasion of World Human Rights Day, Hindu refugees from Sindh staged a protest outside the United Nations’ Information Office at Lodhi Estate here on Tuesday demanding cancellation of Pakistan’s membership from the international body on the grounds that Hindus were being persecuted there. Led by Swami Omji, the protest was against victimisation of Hindus by the State-sponsored actors in Sindh province of Pakistan. The delegation of refugees comprising journalist-cum-activist Zulfiqar Shah met the UN Country Representative and submitted a memorandum of demands addressed to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. Click to read in The Hindu

Don't trap Sindh!

The time has come for Sindhi, especially Sindhi in Diaspora, to seriously opt for taking the formal case of Sindh in the United Nations on the basis of historical treaties signed between sovereign country of Sindh and the Britain before Britain's invasion of Sindh as well as crimes committed by the State of Pakistan and its ethno-communal mercenaries against Sindhi. This has become necessary especially after the recent blackmailing attempts by the sate-cronies. Read on Merinews

The global security challenge from Afghanistan to Ukraine

Issues of security and stability in Asia and Europe are interdependent. Given the continual rise of new conflicts from Asia-Pacific to the Atlantic, these issues and conflicts need to be addressed through a fundamentally new approach to security.Issues of security and stability in Asia and Europe are interdependent. Given the continual rise of new conflicts from Asia-Pacific to the Atlantic, these issues and conflicts need to be addressed through a fundamentally new approach to security. Read in Russia Direct

Realities behind the Pakistani 'Revolution'

Islamabad drama would sooner or later reach climax or the anti-climax. The script writer of the sit-in drama probably has been changing the script according to the tide. Read in Merinews

Sixty-Seven Years of Pakistan

Pakistan is now sixty-seven. Its history until now has been a history of the state versus its citizenry, particularly citizenry of non-Punjabi and non-Urdu origin. If a people's history of Pakistan is documented, it would become the voluminous account on the state crimes. Read article on Truthout


A culture of state

Time to redefine ‘national interest’, which until approved by the citizentry, implies ‘state interest’ Read in daily The Kathmandu Post

The New Neutral

A new ethos is needed to replace old biases, discrimination and non-neutrality in diplomacy. Read in The Kathmandu Post

A full stop to the 20th century

It was neither the end nor the beginning. It was just a calendar-adjustment globally to the tune of the 21st century. Nevertheless, the inception of the new century some fifteen years ago ought to have left a deep socio-psychological impression on everyone. The global citizenry yearning for change wanted socio-political and eco-economic transformations in the real-time history of their own living generation. Have we really inched ahead, and tried to unbutton the change waiting to be? Not yet! Then, rest assured that the time has come to dig at the microcosm of a time-bound demand for this unavoidable discourse. Read in The Kathmandu Post

A Tale of Strategic Talbanization

The recent military campaign 'Zarb-e-Azb' by Pakistan Army in Afghanistan bordering tribal areas against Taliban, Al-Qaida and their Pakistani, Central Asian and Arab fugitive recruits continues to occupy news and analysis. Like previous ones, this recent military campaign was of no significant result, thus compelling the United States to drone strategically important "Punjabi Talban Headquarters" on July 19. Due to the changing complexion of religiosity and terrorism in Pakistan, a review of the military move is needed in the perspective of Talibanization in Southern Pakistan. Read on Truthout, USA

2009: Sindh Peasants Long March

Sindh Peasants Long March for Land Reforms(February 15 – 26, 2009), was a mass long walk of 350 kilometers by beyond 30000 peasants and rural worker women and men carried for over 12 days formHyderabad to Sindh Assembly building Karachi, Sindh. The march was organized to seek amendments in the Sindh Tenancy Act that was also legislated after thousands of peasants gathering in front of Sindh Assembly building Karachi in 1950 led by late Comrade Hyder Bux jatoi, a stalwart peasants leader of Pakistan. Details on Wikipedia

2011: Movement against religious extremism

HYDERABAD, Nov 14: A large number of civil society and political activists took out a procession here on Monday to condemn the killing of three Hindus in Chak village of Shikarpur district last week. Read more on Daily Dawn

2009: Sindh Peasants Long March

2009: Sindh Peasants Long March

Social movements: Where does Sindh stand in the world?


Daily Afghanistan Times, April 13, 2014, By Zulfiqar Shah

‘Peacefulness’ was a diplomatic phrase, if not a jargon, of the twentieth century – a time when ‘world’ was not transformed into a conscious and highly connected ‘globe’. The bent of international and regional actors towards engaging with the peaceful and violent movements can simplistically but truly termed as political and strategic hypocrisy. How the world today positions itself towards peaceful social and political movements? A ten-million dollar question, indeed!

Apolitical blog February 2014: Existence of life on the other planets of solar system

The astronomers of the world with the support of space technology are trying to find the traces and possibility of life today on the other planets of the solar system. The research is speedily underway in USA, Russia, India, EU, and China. In bid to further the astronomical research through space voyaging, India has propelled the Mangalyan space researcher out of the Earth orbit to carry the investigations on the Mars. 

Birds without tree!

Scarlet of the dancing girl is about to set off,
Jesus! Why don’t you wake up in me?

A river that has curve at daunting peaks,
Will submerge one day with heavens at the Sea. 

O love, your venom is a fogy mystery,
That always insurrects the hamlet of the Jogi.

They say, storms always divert doves to the stranger lands;
Forgetting that winds happen to be colorless,
And sky always courteous to birds without tree!

(By Zulfiqar Shah)